1.   List of AP Aeneid Lines
2.   Useful Links
Latin Texts of the Aeneid
Dictionaries and Commentaries
Translations into English
Summaries of the Aeneid
Summaries and Translation in German
General Resources for the Aeneid (quasi metasites)
Audio Aeneid
3.   Vocabulary Exercises
4.   Scansion
5.   Figures of Speech
6.   Materials for Specific Books
7.   Book One Materials
8.   Book Two Materials
9.   Book Three Materials
10. Book Four Materials
11. Book Five Materials
12. Book Six Materials
13. Book Eight Materials (in development)
14. Books Ten and Twelve Materials
15. AP-Style Test and General Review Items
16. Intertextuality in the Aeneid
17. Aeneid Research Project

Selections from the Aeneid in Latin (AP lines, other lines):
Book 1.1-519, 613-30, 740b-56
Book 2.1-56, 57-65, 199-297, 469-566, 603-33, 735-804
Book 4.1-449, 642-705 (line 4.449 not on AP syllabus)
Book 6.1-211, 450-76, 847-901
Book 10.420-509
Book 12.791-842, 887-952.
Additionally, we will be reading the entire Aeneid in translation as well as excerpts from Homeric epic and select articles from the secondary literature.

Haec pagina facta est ante diem quintum decimum Kalendas Septembres anno Domini duo milia duo.  Nuper refecta est ante diem octavum Kalendas Septembres anno Domini duo milia tredecim.

Among the latest additions: new links, book 5 practices, the world's first and only drag and drop scansion practice, 28 AP-style reading practices, 21 unique sight reading practices.  Many activities now use macrons.  Check out the flashcards for every vocabulary word in the foldout list in the Pharr edition and all words that occur 12-23 times in books 1-6.
AP Vergil's Aeneid

Thanks for visiting.  Back to top.  Back to Main Page.  Back to Main Classics Page.
Useful Proper Names from the Aeneid
Introductory Comment
It is helpful in reading the Aeneid to know that Vergil uses multiple names to refer to the same characters, groups, and places. Although there may be certain anthropological or geographical distinctions between one name and another, for our purposes they are identical.
Our Hero Aeneas
nate dea son of the goddess, goddess-born
Anchisiades son of Anchises
ipse used by itself to refer to the most important figure, i.e., Aeneas
Queen Dido
Elissa simply another name for Dido
Phoenissa literally "the Phoenician woman"
Boo! The Greeks--all these may be translated "Greek"
Achivus Achaean
Argolicus Argive
Danaus Danaan
Doricus Doric
Grajus Greek
Pelasgus Pelasgian
Yay! The Trojans--all these may be translated "Trojan"
Dardanius Dardanian
Iliacus Ilian
Phrygius Phrygian
Phryx Phrygian
Teucrus Teucrian
Troius Trojan
Trojanus Trojan
Tros Trojan
O Doomed Troy--all these may be translated "Troy"
Ilion Ilium
Ilium Ilium
Pergama Pergamon or Pergamum
Troja Troy
Carthaginians
Poenus Phoenician
Punicus Punic or Phoenician
Sidonius Sidonian
Tyrius Tyrian
Italy
Ausonia Ausonia
Hesperia Hesperia or Westland
Italia Italy
USEFUL LINKS (back to top)
Forgot the assignment?  Click on the globe in the yellow box.
NEED A COMPLETE TEXT OF THE AENEID?
Vergil at the Latin Library
Vergil at the Bibliotheca Augustana (with text illustrations)
Vergil's text hyperlinked at the Perseus Project
DICTIONARIES AND COMMENTARIES
Lewis's Elementary Dictionary
Lewis and Short (the largest online)
Textual Assistance for Specific Passages
Grammatical and Other Assistance at U Penn
Conington's Commentary from Perseus
Invaluable: NoDictionaries (choose the level of help)
Many other authors available (great for sight reading)
ONLINE TRANSLATIONS INTO ENGLISH
1.  Aeneid: Dryden's English with hyperlinks from Perseus
2.  Plain Dryden at MIT (#1 in GoogleTM for years)
3.  Aeneid: Williams's English with hyperlinks from Perseus
4.  Latin/English framed text (Williams translation)
3.  Aeneid: from A. S. Kline (modern!  scroll down to find it)
4.  Iliad: in the Samuel Butler translation at MIT
5.  Odyssey: in the Butler translation at MIT
SUMMARIES OF THE AENEID (NO SUBSTITUTE FOR LATIN!)
Online Summary from Bulfinch
1.   Adventures of Aeneas
2.   Aeneas in the Underworld
3.   Aeneas in Italy, Part One
4.   Aeneas in Italy, Part Two
Online Summary from the University of Cincinnati
Complete CliffsNotesTM for the Aeneid
Complete SparkNotesTM for the Aeneid
Barron's BooknotesTM for the Aeneid at PinkMonkey




MATERIALS IN GERMAN
1.  Translation by J. H. Voss at Projekt Gutenberg
             opening page includes content summary for each book
2.  German translation, Latin original, other materials
GENERAL RESOURCES ONLINE (QUASI METASITES)
All the best sites have been gathered for you at virgilius.org
The Vergil Homepage (no updates since 1999)
Numerous Vergil Links (U of North Carolina-Chapel Hill)
AP Resources at the Maret School (Ms. McGlennon)
AP Resources for Monahan High School (Ms. Sameth)
AP Resources for Danville and Milton AP Latin (Ms. Gilmore)
AP Resources of Dr. Bishop
AP Vocabulary Resources for Paul VI Catholic High School
AP Vocabulary Resources and NLE practices (Mrs. Kehoe)
Mr. J's Vergil Page
Mr. Odhner's Vergil Page
AP Resources for Dana Hall (Ms. Bloomberg)
Homepage of virgil.org



HEAR THE AENEID! 
(You may need to download free Real Player for some pages.)
1.  Aeneid 1.1-11 (read by Wendell Clausen, Harvard)
2.  Aeneid 1.1-49 (at SORGLL, read by Robert P. Sonkowsky)
3.  Aeneid 1.195-207 (read by Wendell Clausen)
4.  Aeneid 1.588-610 (read by Wendell Clausen)
5.  Aeneid 4.9-29 (read by Vojin Nedeljkovic)
6.  Aeneid 4.331-61 (read by Wendell Clausen)
7.  Aeneid 4 in its entirety (read by Wilfried Stroh, U Munich)
    (Note that Iliad 1 in Greek is also found at this site.)
8.  Aeneid 6.12-41 (read by Wendell Clausen)
9.  Aeneid 6.15-204 (read by Wendell Clausen)
10. Aeneid 6.450-74 (read by Wendell Clausen)
11. Aeneid 12.926b-52 (read by Richard F.Thomas, Harvard)

VOCABULARY (back to top)
1.   Try Mr. A's Complete Flashcards for Pharr's Vocabulary.
       (These are the words that occur 24 or more times in bks. 1-6.
       For genders, c. = common, i.e., could be either masc. or fem.)
A.   Words beginning with A
B.   Words beginning with B-D
C.   Words beginning with E-G
D.   Words beginning with H-L
E.   Words beginning with M-N
F.   Words beginning with O-R
G.   Words beginning with S
H.   Words beginning with T-V
2.    Practice the 49 Most Common Verbs in Aeneid 1-6 (24+ times).
A.   Flashcards
B.   Principal Parts (You may use either J or I.)  
3.    Try Mr. A's Complete Flashcards for All Vocabulary that
Occurs 12-23 Times in Aeneid 1-6.
(Pharr, pp. 97-100 of grammatical appendix).
A.   Words beginning with A
B.   Words beginning with B-C
C.   Words beginning with D-F
D.   Words beginning with G-J
E.   Words beginning with L-N
F.   Words beginning with O-Q
G.   Words beginning with R-S
H.   Words beginning with T-V
4.    Practice Verbs that Occur 12-23 Times in Aeneid 1-6.  (You
       may use either J or I.)
A.   Flashcards for verbs beginning with A 
B.   Practice pincipal parts of verbs beginning with A
C.   Flashcards for verbs beginning with C
D.   Practice principal parts of verbs beginning with C
E.   Flashcards for verbs beginning with D-H
F.   Practice principal parts of verbs beginning with D-H
G.   Flashcards for verbs beginning with I-L
H.   Practice principal parts of verbs beginning with I-L
  I.   Flashcards for verbs beginning with M-O
J.   Practice principal parts of verbs beginning with M-O
K.   Flashcards for verbs beginning with P-R
L.    Practice principal parts of verbs beginning with P-R
M.   Flashcards for verbs beginning with S
N.   Practice principal parts of verbs beginning with S
O.   Flashcards for verbs beginning with T-V
P.   Practice principal parts of verbs beginning with T-V
5.    Learn the forms of the irregular 1st declension noun Aeneas.
6.    Check out the People and Places of Many Names below.
7.    Learn the Names of the Winds in the Aeneid below.
8.    General Translation Tips for Vergil.
9.    Practice vocabulary occurring more than 50 times courtesy
       of Ms. Sameth.
A.   Part One
10.  Practice and quiz yourself on easily confused words.
A.   Practice (courtesy of Ms. Sameth)
B.   Self-Quiz (from Ms. Sameth)
C.   List of tricky little words at the Latin Library
11.  NEW: Synonym flashcards with pictures



SCANSION (back to top)
(You may need the free Acrobat Reader.)
1.    Mr. A's Revised Introduction to Scansion as a .pdf file.
2.    Check your recognition of various meters: matching 1.
3.    Check your scansion of Aeneid 1.1-7 with this .pdf file.
4.    Practice scansion identification in Aeneid 4.1-12.
5.    Practice scansion in Mr. A's scansion cloze1.
6.    Take a scansion test over Aeneid 1.1-11.
7.    The world's only "You Make It" scansion test.

FIGURES OF SPEECH (back to top)
1.    Great source for the terminology in English (U of Kentucky)
2.    Good list with examples by Betsy Prueter
3.    Four exercises in one courtesy of Ms.  Sameth
4.    Mr. A's figures of speech flashcards: 50 items from drawn
       from the entire Aeneid.
5.    Mr. A's figures of speech in English: definitions and
       English examples.

ACTIVITIES PER BOOK (back to top)
Activities per book generally follow this format:
1.    identification of quotes and speakers
2.    identification of figures of speech
3.    grammatical activities (especially participles)
4.    commentary
5.    practice quizzes
6.    sight reading practices

1.   BOOK 1 (back to top)
A.   Identify the subject of each quote.
B.   Identify additional subjects of these quotes.
C.   Identify the speaker of each quote.
D.   Identify the speakers of these quotes (Ms. McGlennon)
E.   Identify the figures of speech.
F.   Identify more figures of speech.
G.   Identify the return of the figures of speech.
H.   Identify even more figures of speech.
  I.   Identify the son of the figures of speech.
J.   Identify these figures of speech: it can't be!
K.   Identify these figures of speech: dî immortâlês!
L.   Identify the last figures of speech.
M.   Tricked you!  Identify more figures of speech.
N.   But wait!  There are more figures of speech
O.   Examine the less common grammar of the book.
P.   Practice participles from Bk. 1.
Q.    Put the chronology of 1.81-156 in order (Ms. Sameth).
R.    Take a practice quiz over 1.81-156 (Ms. Sameth).
S.    Take a Bk. 1 content quiz (Professor Wilson).
TIPS FOR SIGHT READING
1.  Don't worry about every word the first few times.
2.  Go for main ideas: subject, verb, object, etc.
3.  Let the words "wash over" till you know what's next.
4.  No macrons on purpose: decide what goes with what.
5.  Follow any connections to related parts of the poem.
T.   Sight reading practice: Aen. 1.1-11 (the proem).
U.   Sight reading practice: Aen. 1.64-76 (Juno's appeal).
V.   Sight reading practice: Aen. 1.148-56 (Neptune simile).
W.  Sight reading practice: Aen. 1.180-93 (Aeneas hunts).
X.   Sight reading practice: Aen. 1.254-66 (Jove prophesies).
Y.   Sight reading practice: Aen. 1.267-79a (Jove speaks on).
Z.   Sight reading practice: Aen. 1.494-506 (Dido as Diana).

2.   BOOK 2 (back to top)
A.   Terminology/quotation identification for Bk. 2 (Ms. Sameth)
B.   Identify the subject of each quote.
C.   Identify more subjects of quotes.
D.   Identify even more subjects of quotes.
E.   Identify the subjects of these quotes.
F.   Identify the speaker of each quote.
G.   Identify the figures of speech.
H.   Identify more figures of speech.
  I.   Identify still more figures of speech.
J.   Identify the additional figures of speech.
K.   Try to identify these figures of speech.
L.   It's still not over: more figures of speech.
M.   Identify these figures of speech: can it be?
N.   Is this the end?  More figures of speech.
O.   Test yourself with figures of speech not on the syllabus.
P.   Test more figures of speech not on the syllabus.
Q.   Practice participles from Bk. 2.
R.   Take a Bk. 2 content quiz (Professor Wilson).
TIPS FOR SIGHT READING
1.  Don't worry about every word the first few times.
2.  Go for main ideas: subject, verb, object, etc.
3.  Let the words "wash over" till you know what's next.
4.  No macrons on purpose: decide what goes with what.
5.  Follow any connections to related parts of the poem.
S.   Sight reading practice: Aen. 2.199-212a (serpents arrive).
T.   Sight reading practice: Aen. 2.212b-24 (Laocoon's death).
U.   Sight reading practice: Aen. 2.469-82 (Pyrrhus as snake).

3.    BOOK 3 (back to top)
A.   Person, place, events identification for Bk. 3 (Sameth)

4.    BOOK 4 (back to top)
A.   Identify the speaker of each quote.
B.   Identify the figures of speech.
C.   Identify more figures of speech.
D.   Identify these additional figures of speech.
E.   Identify still more figures of speech.
F.    Identify even more figures of speech.
G.   How long can it continue?  More figures of speech.
H.   Revenge of the figures of speech.
  I.   Practice participles from Bk. 4.
J.   Commentary from 19th century school editions
K.   Esthetic Commentary (J and K from Middlebury)
L.   Take a Bk. 4 content quiz (Professor Wilson).
TIPS FOR SIGHT READING
1.  Don't worry about every word the first few times.
2.  Go for main ideas: subject, verb, object, etc.
3.  Let the words "wash over" till you know what's next.
4.  No macrons on purpose: decide what goes with what.
5.  Follow any connections to related parts of the poem.
M.   Sight reading practice: Aen. 4.65-73 (wounded doe).
N.   Sight reading practice: Aen. 4.141-50 (Aeneas as Apollo).
O.   NEW: Sight reading practice: Aen. 4.693-705  (Dido dies).

5.    BOOK 5 (back to top)
A.   Identify the figures of speech.
B.   Identify more figures of speech.
C.   Identify even more figures of speech.
D.   Identify more figures of speech still.
E.   Identify additional figures of speech.

6.    BOOK 6 (back to top)
A.   Identify the subject of each quote.
B.   Identify more subjects of quote.
C.   Identify the addressee of each quote.
D.   Identify the figures of speech.
E.   Identify more figures of speech.
F.   Identify additional figures of speech.
G.   Identify other figures of speech.
H.   Practice participles from Bk. 6.
I.    Take a Bk. 6 content quiz (Professor Wilson)
TIPS FOR SIGHT READING
1.  Don't worry about every word the first few times.
2.  Go for main ideas: subject, verb, object, etc.
3.  Let the words "wash over" till you know what's next.
4.  No macrons on purpose: decide what goes with what.
5.  Follow any connections to related parts of the poem.
J.   Sight reading practice: Aen. 6.124-36 (the descent to hell).
K.   Sight reading practice: Aen. 6.136b-48 (Golden Bough).
L.   Sight reading practice: Aen. 6.847-52 (Rome's destiny).

7.    BOOK 8 (back to top)
A.   Take a Bk. 8 content quiz (Professor Wilson).

8.    BOOKS 10-12 (back to top)
A.   Identify the speaker of each quote from Bks. 10 and 12.
B.   Identify more speakers from Bks. 10 and 12.
C.   Identify further speakers from Bks. 10 and 12.
D.   Identify the addressee of each quote from Bks. 10 and 12.
E.   Identify the figures of speech from Bks. 10 and 12.
F.   Identify more figures of speech from Bks. 10 and 12.
G.   Identify the figures of speech from Bk. 10.
H.   Identify more figures of speech from Bk. 10
  I.   Identify the figures of speech from Bk. 12.
J.   Book 10 mindmap
K.   Practice participles from Bk. 10.
L.   Practice participles from Bk. 12.
TIPS FOR SIGHT READING
1.  Don't worry about every word the first few times.
2.  Go for main ideas: subject, verb, object, etc.
3.  Let the words "wash over" till you know what's next.
4.  No macrons on purpose: decide what goes with what.
5.  Follow any connections to related parts of the poem.
L.   Sight reading: Aen. 10.464-73 (the doom of Pallas).
M.   Sight reading: Aen. 10.500-09 (fates of Pallas & Turnus).
N.   Sight reading: Aen. 12.793-806a (Jupiter forbids Juno).
O.   Sight reading: Aen.  12.820-33 (Juno makes a request).
P.   Sight reading: Aen. 12.938b-52 (the end of the Aeneid).

APPROXIMATELY AP-STYLE TEST ITEMS (back to top)
ITEMS FROM PH SCHOOL
1.   Answer questions about Caesar's De bello Gallico.
2.   Answer questions about Antony and Octavian.
3.   Answer questions about Suetonius on Augustus.
4.   Answer questions about Petronius's werewolf story.
5.   Answer questions on Pliny's dedicatory letter.
6.   Answer questions on a wondrous story told by Pliny.
ONSITE MULTIPLE CHOICE PASSAGES FROM THE AENEID
1.   Answer questions on Juno and Carthage in Aeneid 1.
2.   Answer questions about the Aeneid's background.
3.   Answer questions about Juno's request of Aeolus.
4.   Answer questions about the winds' attack.
5.   Answer questions about the eye of the storm.
6.   Answer questions about Jupiter and Venus.
7.   Answer questions about Venus's lament to Jupiter.
8.   Answer questions about Antenor and Aeneas.
9.   Answer questions about Jupiter's prophetic speech.
10. Answer questions about Dido's background.
11. Answer questions about Laocoon's speech.
12. Answer questions about Aeneas's vision.
13. Answer questions about the start of Aeneid 3.
14. Answer questions about Rumor in Aeneid 4.
15. Answer questions about Jupiter's admonition.
16. Answer questions about Dido's dilemma.
17. Answer questions about the adventures of Daedalus.
ONSITE LATIN PASSAGES FROM OTHER SOURCES
1.   Answer questions about Deucalion and Pyrrha, part 1.
2.   Answer questions about Deucalion and Pyrrha, part 2.
3.   Answer questions about Baucis and Philemon.
4.   Answer questions about Thetis, Achilles, and Jupiter.
5.   Answer questions about a heroic pep talk.
6.   Answer questions about the life of Charlemagne.
7.   Answer questions about a nobleman and his sons.
8.   Answer questions about a medieval epic duel.
9.   More questions about a medieval epic duel.
10. Questions about the aftermath of a medieval epic duel.
11. Answer questions about a Danish war of religions.
OTHER PRACTICE ITEMS
1.   Multiple choice items over the entire epic (from SparkNotes)
2.   Content questions over the entire Aeneid (from Montclair)
3.   Content questions over the entire Aeneid (by Jeffrey Allen)
4.   General review items (by Ruth Sameth)
5.   Ten good questions (beware of pop ups!)
6.   Ten rotating true-false questions (by Laura Gibbs)
7.   Old released free-response questions (from College Board)
8.   More information on the AP Vergil Exam (from College Board)

INTERTEXTUALITY AND SELF-REFERENTIALITY
IN THE AENEID
(in development; latest links, 3-28-05) (back to top)
1.    Explore the depths to a simile for Aeneas: start at 4.143-50.

AENEID RESEARCH PAPER (back to top)
You may need to download the free Acrobat Acrobat Reader.
1.    Here are the project details in .pdf format.
2.    Here is the scoring guide, also in .pdf format.
3.    My paper "Fatis Contraria Fata  Rependens" as a webpage
(non arrogantiae gratia: I take classes, too.  Please pardon a
        couple of typos that keep slipping by me.)

AENEID CHAT (will open in a new window)

















THE WINDS
Aequilō north wind
Auster south wind
Notus
Eurus east wind
Zephyrus west wind
Āfricus southwest wind
Syllabi updated for 2013-14.






Find weekly assignments, including testing schedule, by clicking on the arcade.

Find daily assignments here.







Quotes Worth Pondering:

"Aeneas is never home but is always going home."
--Susan Ford Wiltshire,
Public & Private in Vergil's Aeneid
(p. 140)

"The medium is the message."
--Marshall McCluhan
Translation Tips for Vergil
1. ferō = dīcō [Karthāgō] quam Jūnō fertur terrīs magis omnibus . . . coluisse (1.15-16)
2. The base verb assumes the meanings of all its derivative verbs. [Jūnō] audierat . . . sīc volvere Parcās (for ēvolvere, 1.20-22)
3. Vergil frequently omits prepositions. Trojae quī prīmus ab ōrīs Ītaliam . . . vēnit (for ad Ītaliam, 1.1-2)
4. Vergil commonly omits the verb sum. hīc illius arma (fuērunt, 1.16)
5. Watch out for syncopated (clipped) forms. dīvum pater (for dīvōrum, 1.65)
6. Beware of omitted words. Aeolus haec contrā (dīxit, 1.76)
Forms of the Proper Name Aeneas
As a 1st declension masculine name of Greek origin, Aeneas takes a combination of Greek and Latin endings as it appears in the Aeneid. The student's best option is simply to memorize the following chart.
nominative Aenēās
genitive Aenēae
dative Aenēae
accusative Aenēam--Latin
Aenēān--Greek
ablative Aenēā
vocative Aenēā
Interesting Grammatical Features in Aeneid 1
These grammatical features are not necessarily stylistic devices, but may be less common than those topics typically covered in basic Latin.
sīc nam fore ... facilem vīctū per saecula gentem supine as abl. of respect
"for thus this people would be easy in living through the ages"
lacrimīs oculōs suffūsa nitentīs accusative of respect
"filled with tears with respect to her bright eyes," i.e., "her bright eyes filled with tears"
et Libyae vertuntur ad ōrās middle voice (looks passive but = reflexive)
"[the ships] turn [themselves] toward the shores"
"Ollī subrīdēns ... sator" antiquated form
"Smiling down at her (for 'illī'), the father"
"Volat ille per āera magnum rēmigiō ālārum ac Libyae citus astitit ōrīs." "hysteron proteron" of tenses
"He flies through the great air with a rowing of wings and swiftly stood on the shores of Libya." Sometimes it is difficult to grasp what purpose--if any--Vergil has in his selection of tenses. Here, however, it appears that he wishes to indicate that a god moves faster than time. In grammatical terms, Mercury arrives in Libya before he even has flown there.
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This page was last updated on August 25, 2013
Welcome to my page for the Aeneid.  Materials here may prove useful to anyone working with Vergil's epic.  Check the sectional headings below for specific resources.  Just click on a heading to visit a particular area.
14 ap latin weekly schedule