"Antenor potuit, mediis elapsus Achivis,
Illyricos penetrare sinus, atque intima tutus
regna Liburnorum, et fontem superare Timavi,
unde per ora novem vasto cum murmure montis
it mare proruptum et pelago premit arva sonanti. 5
hic tamen ille urbem Patavi sedesque locavit
Teucrorum, et genti nomen dedit, armaque fixit
Troia; nunc placida compostus pace quiescit:
nos, tua progenies, caeli quibus adnuis arcem,
navibus (infandum!) amissis, unius ob iram 10
prodimur atque Italis longe disiungimur oris.
hic pietatis honos? sic nos in sceptra reponis?"
(Excerpt from the Aeneid, available online
here: Book 1.)
1. What is the correct translation of mediis . . .
Achivis (line 1)?
having slipped from the midst of the Greeks
slipping from the midst of the Greeks
the Greeks having slipped from their midst
the midst of the Greeks having been escaped
2. What is Venus's point in mentioning Antenor
to contrast his fate with Aeneas's
to indicate how all the Trojans have suffered
to show that the gods have favored Greek veterans
to set an example for Aeneas's actions
3. What is the correct translation of unde . . . mare
from which through nine vast mountains the mouth
of the sea goes with a rumble
who goes with a groan to the mouth of the vast sea
through nine mountains
whence through nine mouths the river goes as a sea
with a vast murmur of the mountain
when the sea goes through nine mouths with a vast
rumble of the mountain
4. What is the point of the sound effects in pelago . . .
sonanti (line 5)?
the marching of the Trojans to freedom
the blows struck in Antenor's battles
the mourning of hte Trojans for their lost comrades
the striking of the waves against the shore
5. Antenor becomes the eponymous founder of a
settlement as noted in Teucrorum . . . dedit
(line 7). What must eponymous mean?
He is hailed as a god by his people.
The settlement is named after him.
No one wants to acknowledge him.
He has made an name for himself.
6. What is the point of arma . . . fixit (line 7)?
Antenor now lives in peaceful retirement.
The fighting never ceases for the Trojans.
Antenor is planning to attack Aeneas.
Antenor has died in battle.
7. What is the point of nos . . . arcem (line 9)?
The heavens have denied Troy justice.
The gods have meddled for too long.
Jupiter is too aloof on Mount Olympus.
Someday Aeneas is supposed to become a god.
8. Identify the form infandum (line 10).
perfect passive participle
future passive participle
present active participle
9. Who is unius (line 10)?
What charge does Venus make in prodimur . . .
oris (line 11)?
Aeneas should be handed his destiny.
Jupiter has kept Aeneas and Antenor from Italy.
Aeneas's destiny has been betrayed.
Italy has seemingly been reserved for Greeks.
What is the tone of line 12?