Tempus erat quo prima quies mortalibus aegris
incipit et dono diuum gratissima serpit.
in somnis, ecce, ante oculos maestissimus Hector
visus adesse mihi largosque effundere fletus,
raptatus bigis ut quondam, aterque cruento 5
puluere perque pedes traiectus lora tumentis.
ei mihi, qualis erat, quantum mutatus ab illo
Hectore qui redit exuvias indutus Achilli
vel Danaum Phrygios iaculatus puppibus ignis!
squalentem barbam et concretos sanguine crinis 10
vulneraque illa gerens, quae circum plurima muros
accepit patrios. ultro flens ipse videbar
compellare virum et maestas expromere voces:
(Excerpt from Vergil, Aeneid, available online here: Book 2.)
1. What time of day is it in this passage?
2. Identify the case and usage of dono (line 2)
ablative of means
dative indirect object
ablative of cause
dative of purpose
3. How many elisions occur in line 3?
4. What is the correct translation of maestissimus . . .
mihi (lines 3-4)?
my Hector seemed to be very gloomy
gloomiest Hector seemed to be present to me
Hector was seen by me to be very gloomy
gloomiest Hector saw that I was at hand
5. Identify the form lora (line 6).
6. What is the correct translation of qualis erat
what kind (of man) was he?
just as he was
how great he was
what (a sight) he was
7. What is the reference Hectore . . . Achilli (line 8)?
when Achilles slaughtered Hector
all the heroes who fell at Troy
when Hector despoiled Patroclus's corpse
the arrival of Pyrrhus at Troy with his father's arms
8. What is the correct translation of Danaum . . .
ignis (line 9)?
having hurled Trojan fires at the ships of the Greeks
the Trojan fires having been hurled from the Greek
Trojan fire having been hurled at Greek ships
having boasted that the Trojan fires in the Greeks'
ships were Trojan
9. What figure of speech occurs in squalentem . . .
patrios (lines 10-12)?
10. What is the reference vulneraque . . . patrios
the wounds Hector had given to Patroclus
the dragging of Hector's corpse around the walls of
wounds dealt to Priam by Pyrrhus
the daily fighting at Troy for ten years