"Aeole (namque tibi divum pater atque hominum rex
et mulcere dedit fluctus et tollere vento),
gens inimica mihi Tyrrhenum navigat aequor
Ilium in Italium portans victosque penatis:
incute vim ventis submersasque obrue puppis 5
aut age diversos et dissice corpora ponto.
sunt mihi bis septem praestanti corpore Nymphae,
quarum quae forma pulcherrima Deiopea,
conubio iungam stabili propriamque dicabo,
omnis ut tecum meritis pro talibus annos 10
exigat et pulchra faciat te prole parentem."
(Excerpt from the Aeneid, available online here: Book 1. )
1. Who is the divum . . . rex of line 1?
2. What kind of sea is Tyrrhenum (line 3)?
3. What does Juno bemoan (lines 3-4)?
The Trojans are about to fulfill their destiny.
The Trojans have defied her.
The storm has not stopped the Trojans.
The Trojan curse is about to spread to her beloved
4. Besides alliteration, what figure of speech occurs in
synchesis (interlocking word order)
5. Besides alliteration, what other figures of speech
occur in line 5?
asyndeton and zeugma
hysteron proteron and synecdoche
metaphor and metonymy
chiasmus and synecdoche
6. Besides the obvious gens . . . navigat (line 3), why
may we infer that Juno seeks this punishment (lines
She wants to outdo Minerva's punishment of Ajax.
the irony of destroying famed seafarers.
Fire once destroyed Troy; now water will finish the
Wind is Juno's specific weapon.
7. What noun does diversos modify (line 6)?
8. What is grammatical function of mihi (line 7)?
dative of reference
dative of possession
dative of purpose
dative of agent
9. What is the grammatical function of praestanti
corpore (line 7)?
ablative of cause
ablative of comparison
ablative of means
ablative of description
10. What is the correct scansion of the first four feet of
11. How many elisions occur in line 9?
12. Why is the reward offered particularly fitting (lines
Aelous rules the winds.
Juno's sphere is marriage and childbirth.
Juno will bargain with Venus to achieve her ends.
Aelous is famous as a father of nations.