impius ante aras atque auri caecus amore
clam ferro incautam superat, securus amorum
germanae; factumque diu celavit et aegram
multa malus simulans vana spe lusit amantem. 5
ipsa sed in somnis inhumati venit imago
coniugis ora modis attollens pallida miris;
crudelis aras traiectaque pectora ferro
nudavit, caecumque domus scelus omne retexit.
tum celerare fugam patriasque excedere suadet 10
auxiliumque viae veteres tellure recludit
thesauros, ignotum argenti pondus et auri
his commota fugam Dido sociosque parabat.
(Excerpt from the Aeneid, available online
here: Book 1.)
1. To whom or what does ille refer (line 1)?
2. Which of the following does not appropriately
characterize the act described as impius
shedding of kin blood
desecration of an altar
3. What is the correct translation of aegram . . .
amantem (lines 4-5)?
he tricked the lover, sick with false hope, by
pretending many wicked things
wickedly pretending many things, he deluded the ill
lover with false hope
the evil man very sickly pretending in vain deluded
the lover with false hope
he deluded the ill woman with false hope, wickedly
pretending that he loved her greatly
amantem (line 5)
4. To whom or what does ipsa refer (line 6)?
imago (line 6)
somnis (line 6)
coniugis (line 7)
5. What is the correct scansion of the first four feet of
6. What happens in crudelis . . . retexit (lines 8-9)?
The ghost appears to Dido.
The ghost tells Dido to flee.
The ghost reveals that it was murdered.
Dido dreams of her lost husband.
7. On what word does celerare depend (line 10)?
fugam (line 10)
suadet (line 10)
excedere (line 10)
auxilium (line 11)
8. What aids Dido's efforts (lines 11-12)?
a massive bribe
an ancient forgotten road
Pygmalion's unguarded fleet
9. What is the correct translation of his . . . commota
these disturbing things
disturbed by these things
having disturbed these things
disturbing to these people
What figure of speech occurs in line 13?
synchesis (interlocking word order)